The image above is of the Rosa gallica officinalis, also known as the 'Apothecary Rose', a rose which I had in my front garden at a house back in southwestern Ontario. The 'Apothecary Rose' has been in cultivation for at least 800 years in Europe. It was often grown in Medieval gardens. When I sold my home, the shrub as over three feet tall with plenty of blossoms and rosehips. A colony of bumblebees was located in the ground nearby to take advantage of all the flowers located in the gardens, both up front and in the back. A colony might have between 100-300 insects. The image below is that of the Rosa gallica 'Versicolor', also known as the 'Rosa Mundi.' This rose dates from 1581 A.D. I had that rose planted in the backyard near the house but in hindsight should have planted the shrub up front where it would have been seen to a greater advantage. I'm sure the bees would have been pleased with that as well.
Then the image below is that of the Rosa rubrifolia which originates from Europe around 1830. This is another rose I had in the garden, also in the back, but in a better placement. I recently found this rose growing in the Green Timbers Urban Forest here in Surrey, British Columbia. I will present photos of this rose in a forthcoming post on this park. Meantime, if you would like to learn more about these engravings, check out Wikipedia or go to http://www.rosarian.com/redoute to learn more about Pierre-Joseph Redouté. He is also known for the book on his rose engravings called 'Les Roses' and also for the book by Jean-Jacques Rousseau entitled 'Botany: a Study of Pure Curiosity' with illustrations by Redouté. The latter book features engraving of other flowering plants and not just the roses he is known for, so check them out. All the images are from rosarian.com, so check out their site for further details on these roses and many others. There is an adventure waiting for you.